A cancer that develops in the liver is known as liver cancer. When the body's cells start to grow out of control, cancer develops. The liver is the largest internal organ. It's just beneath the right lung and under the right ribcage. Hepatocytes are the cells that make up the majority of the liver. It also has other types of cells, including cells that line its blood vessels and cells that line the bile ducts. Bile is transported from the liver to the gallbladder or to the intestines directly through the bile ducts.It has many important functions:
A cancer that starts in the liver is called primary liver cancer. There is more than one kind of primary liver cancer.
When cancer is discovered in the liver, it has most often spread (metastasized) from another part of the body, like pancreas, colon, stomach, breast, or lung. It's called a secondary liver cancer because the cancer has spread from its original (primary) location. The primary site of these cancers determines the treatment.Factors that can increase your risk of liver cancer:
It's difficult to detect liver cancer early since signs and symptoms don't always present until it's advanced. Because the majority of the liver is covered by the right rib cage, small liver tumours are difficult to detect on a physical examination.
There are currently no recommended screening tests for early detection of liver cancer.
The best option to cure liver cancer is with either surgical resection (removal of the tumor with surgery) or a liver transplant. If all cancer in the liver is completely removed, you will have the best outlook. Small liver cancers may also be cured with other types of treatment such as ablation or radiation.
Researchers have been able to produce newer medications that particularly target the mutations in cells that cause cancer. These are called Targeted Therapy. Standard chemotherapy medications do not act the same way as targeted drugs.